Thread Pitch and Screw Types
When it comes to hardware there are a number of different fasteners on a British Motorcycle. Being able to determine the thread pitch is critical to ordering the proper part. It also assists us in supplying the proper fastener for the application.
The simplest way to measure thread pitch is with a thread gauge. These are available from us and any company that sells hardware.
The bolt diameter should be measured and matched to the nearest size with matching thread pitch or threads per inch (TPI).
Fraction to Decimal Conversion Chart includes Metric equivalent
Origin of modern thread systems – Thread standardization under the Whitworth System
Sometimes you don’t have the thread gauge you need on hand. For example you have a metric thread pitch gauge and you need to know the thread per inch or TPI.
The -20 in “1/4-20” signifies “20 threads per inch” =Or .05 pitch in inches ( 1 divided by 20 ) or if you are measuring with a metric pitch gauge it should be 1.27
Use the link below to identify threads. Care must be taken to not confuse metric and imperial thread pitches. Attention to both the major thread diameter and pitch are critical to identifying the bolt.
This section will mostly pertain the engine case screws. There are plenty of specialty fasteners out there you won’t encounter on a British machine. We will only mention what you will encounter.
Cheese Head – Traditional case screw head style supplied in slotted drive
Fillister Head – Similar to cheese head but with a rounded top available in slot and Pozidriv
Round Head – Points cover screw head style – slotted and Pozidriv
Flat Head – Typically countersunk and found inside the engine – slotted and Pozidriv
Cap or Allen Screw known to some as a socket head – Not stock to British machines but available as an upgrade for case screws
For specifics on thread profiles and history view our article Whitworth and Other British Threads
Details on methods for threading including: cutting, rolling, and casting Click Here.